Why did the Ukrainians immigrant to Canada at the turn of the century? What influenced Pylipiw and Elyniak and many other Ukrainians to make Canada their land of choice? There are several major reasons why Ukrainians left the land of their ancestry for the New World. Although Ukraine is a land of great natural resources and rich agriculture, the country was then partitioned and under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires. Also poverty in Ukraine was huge, escaping poverty by seeking a new homeland with new economic conditions was the only way to improve their lifestyle. Canada offered “free land” of 160 acres for $10 had a powerful appeal for Ukrainian peasants.
Although Ivan Pylypiw and Vasyl Elyniak are honoured as the first Ukrainians in Canada there is evidence that shows individual Ukrainians were in Canada much earlier. These two pioneers were considered as founders of the Ukrainian Canadian community, they were directly responsible for founding the first settlement in Alberta and Manitoba by bringing their own families and inspiring other families to come.
Historically the first days of settlement in Manitoba was a struggle to survive, freezing cold prairie winds, temperature dropping down to unexperienced circumstances. Then the summer heat, mosquitoes, poor soil and loneliness were obstacles the first Ukrainian immigrants had to overcome in order to survive. There was very little money for necessities and less still to establish a farm. Ukrainian settlers received virtually no financial assistance and no special consideration from the government of Canada. Life for the first Ukrainian immigrants from 1891-1914 was extremely difficult. One positive note that came out of the first wave of Ukrainian immigrants was that every new wave of Ukrainians found the task of integrating into Canadian life easier because the existing community was able to provide the basic needs of the newcomers until they could survive on their own.
The first migration of Ukrainian immigrants to Canada was disrupted by the outbreak of the First World War. Despite this war Ukrainian Canadians played a distinguished role in the war effort. Among the thousands of Ukrainian Canadians who joined the Canadian Army was SGT. FILIP KONOWAL VC, who was assigned to the 4th Infantry Brigade and soon found himself in France, in the front line trenches on Vimy Ridge, where many Ukrainian Canadians died.
The history of the Ukrainian settlement in Canada is not merely a compilation of historical events and statistics. It is the drama of a people, of their dynamism, their love of life and freedom, their desperate need to forge a new life while maintaining their national identity. The first immigration of Ukrainians to Canada going back to 1891 and even earlier, it is a story of happiness and sorrow, of joy and laughter, of setbacks and successes. Ukrainian pioneers have played a significant role in building an inclusive Canada. The dedication and self-discipline of those first settlers should serve as a living example and an inspiration not only to their descendants, but to every Canadian who loves this beautiful and rich country. The 125 year anniversary of the arrival of the first Ukrainians to Canada has become a landmark in Canadian history.
Article appeared in the WINNIPEG SUN paper on Sunday, October 1st 2017 in the Editorial section